Mini Bonsai Trees Can Grow Full-Sized Apples, Quinces, and Pomegranates
A Bonsai apple tree. (Photo: Stock Photos from ABHIJEET KHEDGIKAR/Shutterstock)
Did you know that tiny Bonsai fruit trees can bear full-sized fruit just like their naturally growing counterparts? Despite their tiny stature, these mini Bonsai are mighty fruit bearers because they originate from the same seeds as regular trees. As a potted Bonsai fruit tree is genetically identical to those in an orchard, the fruit produced often reaches the size found in grocery stores. Full-sized apples, lemons, and quinces grow on tiny Bonsai branches in a beautiful juxtaposition of size.
Most kinds of trees can become Bonsai trees with proper care and skill. Bonsai is actually a Japanese tradition of trimming, cultivating, and training trees to remain miniature. With several years of pruning, feeding, and wiring by a gardener, the trees begin to take the desired shape. Rather than looking like a cutting of a larger plant, the leaves shrink to appear miniature. However, the fruits often remain large. Apples, lemons, quinces, olives, and pomegranates grow to normal size and are edible. Due to the small size of the tree, the amount of fruit harvested from a Bonsai is inevitably limited, but Bonsai trees are intended as an art form rather than a productive plant.
As a process, Bonsai encourages contemplation and discipline. The cultivator must continually shape the tree with wire supports and pruning. Even the roots must be trimmed periodically to fit inside the classic small pots. Learning about Bonsai trees and their intensive cultivation is advisable before purchasing one. There are many types and shapes of Bonsai, each requiring different care strategies. Bonsai is a commitment of time and energy, but the trees can live hundreds of years. The oldest known Bonsai are over 1,000 years old.
If you’re interested in Bonsai trees, you can explore the many varietals and learn more about their care online.
Tiny Bonsai trees can bear full-sized fruit because they are genetically identical to normal-sized trees.
A pomegranate Bonsai tree. (Photo: Stock Photos from LILLIAN_GZ/Shutterstock)
Most types of fruit trees can become Bonsai trees with proper cultivation—this includes training and pruning the tree.
A Chinese quince Bonsai tree. (Photo: Stock Photos from KHUNTAPOL/Shutterstock)
While the leaves of a Bonsai tree shrink to appear miniature, the fruits (such as apples, lemons, or pomegranates) often grow to full size.
An olive Bonsai tree. (Photo: Stock Photos from PYTRALONA/Shutterstock)
Bonsai trees are an art form, but not very productive as fruit producers due to their size.
A star fruit Bonsai tree. (Photo: Stock Photos from HUY THOAI/Shutterstock)
Bonsai care can be intensive, so be sure to read up on types of Bonsai and their proper care before you buy any.
A crab apple Bonsai tree. (Photo: Stock Photos from WALTER PALL/Shutterstock)
Miniature Bonsai fruit trees can bear full-sized apples, quinces, and pomegranates because they are gentically identical to larger trees.
Growing Fruit Trees As Bonsai: Learn About Bonsai Fruit Tree Care
A bonsai tree isn’t a genetic dwarf tree. It’s a full-size tree that is maintained in miniature by pruning. The idea behind this ancient art is to keep the trees very small but retain their natural shapes. If you think bonsai are always tiny trees with fragrant flowers, you aren’t alone. However, this is a misconception. You can also choose from a wide variety of fruit trees as bonsai. Do bonsai trees produce fruit? Yes, they do.
If you decide to try to use fruit trees as bonsai, remember that they’ll require more maintenance than full-size fruit trees. Read on for some bonsai tree growing tips and information on the best fruit trees for bonsai.
Fruit Trees as Bonsai
You can plant an apple tree right in your backyard, but not a bonsai apple tree. Bonsai trees are grown in containers with a good root space and sufficient nutrients to flourish.
Picking a container for bonsai fruit trees requires a measuring tape. Measure the diameter of the trunk level with the soil. That’s how deep your container should be. Now measure the height of the tree. Your container should be at least one-third as wide as the tree is tall.
Be sure the container is made of untreated wood and has sufficient drainage holes. Fill it halfway up with a mixture of half potting soil and half peat compost. Alternatively, mix sand, bark pieces, and garden clay and blend well.
Before you plant your bonsai, slice off one-third of its root ball with a saw and prune out any damaged branches. Then tuck its remaining roots into the soil in its new container, adding more soil and a decorative layer of pebbles.
Bonsai Fruit Tree Care
Here are a few more bonsai tree growing tips. You’ll need to water your tree twice each day, morning and evening. Place the container in a window that gets direct sunlight. Don’t put it anywhere near heat-producing appliances.
You’ll do well to buy a bonsai tool kit to help shape your tree. Remove protruding limbs with the clippers. In order to train the limbs in particular directions, wrap small pieces of copper wire around them. For fragile branches, place rubber or foam between wire and limb.
Best Fruit Trees for Bonsai
Which fruit trees make good bonsai trees?
Consider crabapple fruit trees as bonsai, particularly the cultivars ‘Calloway’ and ‘Harvest Gold.’ They delight with snowy blossoms in springtime and leaves that turn gold in autumn. Both offer edible fruit, red and yellow respectively.
If you’d rather grow a tiny cherry tree, pick ‘Bright n Tight’ cultivar, an evergreen cherry. It offers fragrant, showy spring flowers that transform into black cherries.
If you are thinking of using citrus fruit trees as bonsai, consider Meyer lemon trees or calamondin orange trees. The former bears full-size lemons on bonsais, while the latter offers fragrant blossoms and fruit all year long.
If you think bonsai are always tiny trees with fragrant flowers, you aren?t alone. However, this is a misconception. You can also choose from a wide variety of fruit trees as bonsai. Learn more about bonsai fruit trees in this article.