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Sudan, Egypt and Nubia

A visitor looking at the Sphinx of King Taharqo. © The Trustees of the British Museum

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Visiting the gallery

Opening times

Closed until further notice.

Gallery audio guides

This gallery tells the story of Sudan, southern Egypt, Nubia and the river Nile.

A corridor for trade and the movement of people and ideas, this territory was home to major civilisations. For thousands of years it was a vital link between central Africa, Egypt, the Eastern and Western deserts and the Mediterranean world. The objects shown here reflect the diversity of cultures and art inspired by a mix of indigenous, Graeco-Roman, Byzantine and Pharaonic sources.

Found on the first floor, Gallery 65 displays objects from 100,000 BC to the Islamic period, including ancient rock art, a Kerma burial, plus elaborate religious and household goods.

Take a virtual tour

Explore the fascinating everyday objects of Sudan, Egypt and Nubia, including pottery, tools and jewellery, using Google Street View.

Gallery facts

Located upstream of the First Cataract of the Nile – today northern Sudan and Upper Egypt – people lived in ancient Nubia from at least 300,000 BC, and the area was later home to the earliest sub-Saharan urban culture in Africa.

The culture and urban society of Kerma flourished between about 2500–1500 BC. This vast state constructed large burial mounds (tumuli) for their rulers, who were accompanied in death by human sacrifices, and created some of the finest pottery ever made in the Nile Valley.

Cattle herding was a key activity across the many cultures that coexisted in Sudan, so cows and bulls often feature in funerary offerings and art.

Gallery facts

Nubia’s many resources included gold, ivory, ebony, animal skins and precious stones, often traded with Egypt and further afield.

Ancient Nubia and Pharaonic Egypt traded and at times fought over resources. In the Middle (c. 2055–1650 BC) and New Kingdoms (c. 1550–1069 BC) Egypt colonised Nubia and occupied parts of the region. Later, in the eighth century BC, the Sudanese Kingdom of Kush conquered Egypt and ruled it for over a century.

The appearance of churches, monasteries, and distinct writing and burial customs herald the arrival of Christianity during the Medieval period. Nubian creative expression flowered at this time, notably in the production of pottery, paintings, and architecture.

Located upstream of the First Cataract of the Nile – today northern Sudan and Upper Egypt – people lived in ancient Nubia from at least 300,000 BC.

This gallery tells the story of Sudan, southern Egypt, Nubia and the river Nile.

Larry Kush

Larry Kush is a Senior Vice President at ORION Investment Real Estate, specializing in land sales. His skills, knowledge and expertise of the area are invaluable in helping his clients find the best sites on which to develop or hold. Kush, a 35-year industry veteran, was previously founder and member of the Citadel Land Advisory Group, also headquartered in Scottsdale. Launched in 2009, Citadel Land Advisory Group worked on behalf of local and national debt and equity groups and national home builders to find and acquire land and lots for residential construction. Citadel’s client base included Kaplan Communities, JLB Realty, JMB Financial, K Hovnanian Homes, Wolff Cos., Quantum Capital, Raintree Partners, Desert Troon Cos. and Pulte Homes. Kush also held executive positions with Montevina Estate Homes, Saddleback Homes and AM Homes Arizona. Kush is active in the real estate industry and community. On the community side, he currently serves as a planning commissioner for the city of Scottsdale, and received the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation’s Breath of Life and Bronze Sierra awards. Professional organization affiliations include the Home Builders Association of Central Arizona (where he is past board chairman and honorary life board member) and the National Association of Home Builders. In his work with NAHB, he was the National Area Chairman for a six-state area in the Southwest and Inter-Mountain West.

Larry Kush, Commercial Agent at ORION Investment Real Estate in Scottsdale, AZ has commercial real estate listings for sale or rent on showcase.com.