How and When to Plant Marijuana
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- Escrito por : Ciara
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Many people aren’t really sure when to plant their crop. When’s the perfect time of year to germinate your seeds so that everything runs as smoothly as possible? Well, this depends on what medium you’re growing in, the accessories and things you have at your disposal etc. You can grow the perfect crop at any time of year depending on how you’re doing it and what you have. Today we’re going to show you techniques so that you can get the absolute most out of your plants regardless of what time of year it is.
How and When to Plant Marijuana Outdoors
If you’re looking for normal marijuana plants (2m 500mg +/-)
When spring arrives we all know that it’s time to start germinating your marijuana seeds for your outdoor crop. It’s the most important crop of the year as it’s where you can get the most production of the entire year. Old school growers like to plant their seeds for the first full moon of March.
The reasoning behind this is so that while your seeds are germinating they’ll also have light at night time and they won’t stretch up too much in their first days of life. Sometimes it’s a bit too cold at that time though, and of course you can’t plant at the same time everywhere, we’re talking from a Spaniard’s point of view here. If you live somewhere with a very cold climate your plants will take much longer to grow and they’ll get stressed out from cold or wind, which will create weaker plants that are more susceptible to infestations and fungi.
The best thing to do in this case is to wait another month or two; a germinated seed in a decent climate from April onwards will actually be bigger and better grown than one planted in March in the same place.
Taking care of plants for such a long time is quite a lot of work for the grower, you need to keep an eye on infestations, fungi, nutrition, transplants, pruning, tutoring… The whole process takes about six months of constant work. If you’re looking for a decent product and yield, you’ll need:
- Fertilizers for growth and flowering. You can use your preferred fertilizers, organic hummus, guano for growth, a booster for the flowers and a base fertilizer for flowering should be enough to get a productive and flavorful plant. If you use chemicals then you’ll need a complete range from a specific brand that’ll give your plants the minerals they need to make the most out of the flowers. Of course, chemical products reduce flavor but increase yield, whereas natural products intensify the flavor but make for a lower yield.
- Insecticides for insects like white flies, mites or thrips. Preventive insecticides are recommended to avoid any scares.
- An anti-fungi product that works well against oidium. Propolix or other chemical products work well, but you’ll need to use it from the start.
- Bacillus Thuringiensis; this is used for caterpillars and other worms. Use it as soon as flowering begins, which is when these pests start to appear. Around May/june.
- Stakes or wires to keep the branches up during the flowering period.
If you’re looking for small plants (1m 250g +/-)
If you’re looking for some small to medium sized plants, both compact and strong, then you’ll need to wait till around the middle of March to germinate your seeds. Your plants will have about a month to grow before the light period changes, and they’ll grow with more sun than other plants, making for strong and compact specimens. So, when they begin to flower they will be more compact, around 1m tall. You’ll need the same products as for large plants, as well as patience although less due to the fact that they take a lot less time, around three and a half months. This style is much easier for beginner growers, although you’ll still need to take care of them.
If you want gigantic plants (3m 1kg+)
To get these kinds of plants you’ll need to apply yourself to the job more than the other two types. You’ll need to grow plants with a decent size so that they can grow amazing 2m long branches in all directions with buds as thick as your fist that you’ll need to hold up with a SCRoG mesh so they don’t break.
If you’re looking to grow a plant of this size before June then you’ll need to grow it for at least six months so the plant has more surfaces to flower on, which should take another three months. You’ll get much better results if you plant straight into the ground rather than pots.
To be able to grow it for so long you’ll need to do so in a greenhouse. You’ll need to buy or make your own plastic greenhouse. In a greenhouse your plants can avoid the cold during the winter as well as receive enough light to grow properly. You’ll need to germinate your seeds in December. You should germinate them inside so that they don’t die off at the start and they can get a nice warm germination.
Then, you’ll need to make a hole around 50x50x50cm and fill it with new substrate so the plant has a decent medium to grow in. Once your plant has germinated and it’s a few centimeters tall you can officially move it to the greenhouse. You’ll need to install a light above the plant that should turn on for 10 minutes every four hours or twice a night so that it still grows during the winter. The light doesn’t have to be super powerful, the only reason we do this is to annoy the plant and keep it growing. Once the plant reaches around 40cm, you’ll need to start pruning it starting with the main calyx. Two or three weeks later, prune again on the higher branches, two weeks later another one… until after a couple of months you have a big ball of leaves full of mini-calyxes which will later grow into long branches.
More or less around February you’re going to need to place four stakes around your plant in a 1mx1m formation, with the plant right in the middle, and then place a SCRoG mesh over it to separate the branches as much as possible and as wide as possible. Once March arrives you’ll need to take the light away and let it get used to natural light and the growth period lighting (these dates are for Spain). Once you notice the good weather starting again, sometime near April, remove the greenhouse and let your plant breath fresh air. Your plant will be a meter tall, when everyone is is still germinating at this stage, which a whole lot of branches and prepared to grow for another three months. Once June/July arrives, your plant will be absolutely huge. Just before it flowers you can place another mesh so the branches can put up better with the weight of the buds. You’ll need to keep an eye out for infestations and fungi due to the size of the plant and how hard it can be to inspect all of it. It’ll need good nutrients due to how long it’s going to grow, and you’ll need to water it properly. You can get the entire years’ worth of gear in just one plant. Happy growing!
Author: Javier Chinesta
Translation: Ciara Murphy
When is the Best Time to Grow Cannabis?
Growing marijuana outdoors means going with the seasons, so the success of your outdoor marijuana garden is heavily dependent on timing. In this article, you’ll learn when the best time is to grow cannabis, whether growing from clones or growing from seeds. This article is a must read for any marijuana grower, both beginners and experienced growers alike!
If you are one of the adventurous cannabis growers out there who is still interested in growing cannabis outdoors, this is for you. Indoor grow operations are becoming more and more popular as growers realize that they are not bound by the seasons. However, there is something extremely rewarding about growing cannabis outdoors, in its natural environment. Outdoor-grown marijuana usually comes with stronger aromas and stronger flavours, and makes for a better marijuana experience.
If you are growing outdoors, you are victim to the seasons that are occurring under the sky. As a result, it’s important to time your garden carefully, as this plays an enormous role in the life cycle of a marijuana plant. There are certain times of the year when marijuana is known to flower best, and in order to have it reach the flowering period at the correct time, some work has to be done in advance. You must make sure that you plant your marijuana in the garden with enough time to vegetate before reaching the flowering stage. Unlike with indoor operations, there is no real control over how long the vegetation stage takes with outdoor plants, which means they can grow to be enormous.
The difference between using clones and seeds
The time of planting your cannabis plants will vary depending on the method with which you are using to grow them. Some growers will be beginning from seeds, in which case they will require a little bit more time to grow. Others will be starting their garden from clones, and in this case the long nights will induce a flowering period very early, meaning they should be planted a little bit later into the summer.
Those who are starting their marijuana garden with seeds should begin in the spring. The flowering period should occur after the summer solstice, in which the plant begins using its energy to make flowers rather than for its vegetative growth. Depending on where you are in the world, the springtime will be a different month in the year. However, it is important to make sure that the cold nights are behind you and that the nights are getting shorter.
Those who are growing their marijuana plants from clones do not need to begin until the summertime. This ensures that the plant has enough time in the vegetative state to get long enough before the flowering time begins. Again, it is best if the flowering period begins just after the summer solstice, and plants grown from clones require less time than those grown from seeds. Then, clones really just require the summer to grow tall enough to be ready for flowering.If you’re adventurous enough to grow cannabis outdoors, you have to get your timing right! Read here to find out the best time to grow outdoors. ]]>